What is a Cargo Plane?Otherwise known as a freighter or cargo jet, a cargo airplane is an aircraft that is strictly used for the transportation of air cargo rather than passengers.
How to tell the Difference between a Passenger Aircraft and a Cargo Aircraft:
- Cargo planes generally have much larger doors for loading and unloading cargo
- Cargo planes have a taller and wider fuselage cross-section
- Cargo planes have a higher wing to allow cargo to sit near the ground
- Occasionally, cargo planes will have more wheels than a passenger aircraft so it can land in unprepared locations
- Cargo planes have a higher-mounted tail to allow cargo to be driven directly into and off of the aircraft
How does Air Cargo Shipping Work?The process of the “door-to-door” air cargo process starts with what we call the shipper. The shipper is the person or company that is responsible for shipping the goods, physically and administratively. Some of the time, but not always, the shipper is also the customer of the forwarder. The customer can also be the consignee or a third party that has ordered goods stored at the shipper’s location.
Next, delivery terms need to be established between all parties involved. This can include a buy, owner of the goods, a seller, transport company, forwarder, maintenance company, or a distributer. For security reasons today, the shipper is often required to be a “known shipper” for the forwarder. The customer will then request a freight quote at one or more forwarders. The shipper is then responsible for the efficient assembly of the shipment. This includes volume, weight, and packaging in order to get the best prices for the shipment as well as avoiding all types of damage to goods.
The goods must then be correctly packed, labeled and with the right documents for forwarding and road transport. After the load is transported, the forwarder will give the shipper a proof of acceptance.
When was the First Cargo Airplane Invented?The first cargo aircraft was made in 1911 and used only to carry mail. These first aircrafts however, were not designed to transport large cargo until the mid-1920’s.